How to get rid of keloids? Before we get to know about how to get rid of keloids, we first understand what keloids are and how they look.
What Are Keloids? All You Need To Know.
Keloids are a type of scars on the skin. These scars occur on the skin where it is healed after an injury, cut, or surgery.
Keloids are bound to happen in individuals with a family history of keloid and are common in people with darker skin.
Keloids are sometimes confused with another more common type of scar called hypertrophic scars.
Keloids scars need keloid removal because they can not go on their own whereas, hypertrophic scars are smaller and can go on their own.
The size of Keloids varies. A larger keloid could be larger than a football. Keloid size on the ear lobe is mostly small and in round shape.
The American Academy of Dermatology Association state that in the United States, keloids are more common in people of Asian, Hispanic, and African descent.
The Appearance Of Keloids:
The appearance of keloids occurs as small itchy bumps and appear as shiny hairless skin bumps,
But their appearance and texture differ, depending on their location, and tend to shrink without treatment over time.
Colour Of Keloids:
The color of keloids varies from pink to red or dark brown, depending on the person’s skin type.
Why Do Keloid Scars Occur?
Keloids scars occurred due to a lot of reasons given as:
- Anything that can cause a scar on the body can cause keloids scars.
- These include injuries, cuts, puncture wounds, surgery cuts, tattoos, burns, severe acne, and an animal bite or insect bite.
- Some people get keloids after acne; acne keloids, also known as nuchae (AKN), is a condition characterized by follicular-based papules.
- Acne keloids lead to scarring.
- Usually, they are due to the healing after an injury, such as a cut or puncture wound. i.e.,
- A person has an accident and got a lot of injuries or cuts on his skin; the injuries healed after few weeks,
- But at that place, there would be some remaining scars which are called Keloids.
- Keloid formation is not common after surgeries, but sometimes the surgery’s cut also changed into keloid scars.
- Keloids scars are just an overgrowth of tissues on the skin more than the injury.
- Some men who shave their face regularly get keloids in their beard area.
- In a few people, wearing tightly braided hair causes keloids on their skin.
- For some people, keloids are very common. Keloid forms even after a very small cut. Keloids can even occur in people who have healthy skin.
- It is also possible to get keloid on uninjured skin. It usually appears on the breast and is common in people who have some family background of developing keloids.
- These types of keloids are called ”spontaneous keloids”. (Reference: Kelly AP. “Keloids” In Kelly AP, Taylor SC, et al. Dermatology for Skin of Color.
- The McGraw Hill Companies, China, 2009. 178-94)
- They may occur because of ear piercing, and the ear keloid is round in shape. Keloids of the earlobe pose a complex management problem.
- Rates among earlobe keloids are (80%), and Rates among earlobe keloids in those who had piercings at <11 years of age is (23.5%).
Symptoms Of Keloids (Elaborate)
If you are getting keloids, there would be some symptoms of keloids which are as following:
It takes 3 to 12 months to appear on the skin after an injury or cut.
Begin As A Raised Scar:
- Keloids appear on the skin as a red, pink, or purple-colored raised scar.
- If it appears on the earlobe, it is likely to be round or oval-shaped.
- It would be a raised scar with a flat surface if it appears on the breast, chest, legs, or arms.
- If you get keloids once, it tends to grow and spread slowly but continuously for weeks, months, and years.
- Sometimes, they grow very quickly on sensitive skins, i.e., they grow triple in size within a week.
Soft Or Doughy And Hard Or Rubbery Skin:
After getting keloid, when you touch your skin, you feel it different from the surrounding skin.
Sometimes it would be soft or doughy, but sometimes it would be hard or rubbery.
Pain, Itch, Or Tenderness On Skin:
During the growth of a keloid, you can face pain, itch, or tenderness on the skin.
You would face it just during the growth of keloid after its growth stopped; the symptoms would also stop.
Fixed In Place:
Most of the keloids are hard and fixed in place (don’t move). The keloids on the neck and ears are just as hanging skin and scar.
If you touch them, they will move slightly.
Become Darker In Color:
When the growth of keloids stops, their color becomes darker slowly than the surrounding skin.
The center of keloids is lighter than the boundaries.
How Are Keloids Diagnosed? (Explain Both Home Remedies & Medical Treatments)
A dermatologist can diagnose keloids only by looking at them.
If they are looking like worrisome skin growth, a dermatologist may perform a skin biopsy.
A skin biopsy involves removing a small piece of skin so that it can be studied under the microscope.
Treatment Of Keloids:
If once keloids are diagnosed, they should be treated on time.
Home remedies can treat the keloids, and as well medical treatments are also done to get rid of keloids.
Before medical trying medical try home remedies. Moisturizing oil keeps the tissue soft and reduces the size of keloids.
The treatment of the keloid expects to smooth, lower, or shrink the keloid.
Keloids can be challenging to dispose of; some of the time, they return after treatment.
Many doctors will use a combination of methods for the best results. Treatment options may be:
The medicine in these shots helps to contract the scar.
Freezing The Scar:
Freezing the scar is called cryotherapy; which lessens the hardness and size of the keloid. It works best on small keloids.
Wearing Silicone Sheets And Apply The Gel.
That can help flatten the keloid.
That not only flatten the keloid but also can fade the color.
It involves cutting out the keloid. Mostly keloids return after surgical Treatment.
After a keloid medical procedure, keeping tension in the space lessens the bloodstream.
That helps in preventing keloid from returning.
Your doctor may suggest laser treatment.
This treatment resurfaces the keloid and encloses skin with high light beams to create a flatter, more toned appearance.
Surgical removal might be suggested for exceptionally huge keloids, but the rate of reappearance of a keloid scar in surgery is high.
However, it may surpass the risk of post-surgery scars.
What Are Ways To Get Rid Of Keloids?
For some people, keloids are more apparent and darker than the rest of their skin tone.
They are not so common but are more likely for people who have dark skin. There are few ways to get rid of keloids.
Aspirin pills may prevent scar promotion. That can be done as,
1. Squash three aspirin tablets.
2. Mix with sufficient water to make a paste.
3. Apply them to the place of the keloid or wound. Please wait for an hour or two, then wash it.
4. Repeat once daily until the desired results are obtained.
By Using Garlic:
Garlic has properties like aspirin; it stops specific enzymes from invading the site that contributes to pigment build-up.
1. Take 2 to 3 fresh garlic cloves and mash them.
2. Apply to the keloid area and let it sit for about 15 minutes.
3. Rinse off with water and apply moisturizer.
4. Stop the use or reduce treatment time if the garlic burns your skin.
Honey has anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. It prevents the growth of dead tissues over the keloid scar tissue.
It also reduces the healing process time. For the removal of keloid scarring, the following method can be used,
1. Dab a bit of natural honey — organic honey is valued— on the site. Let it sit.
2. Clean off later if the site gets sticky.
3. Reapply as frequently as needed. It’s suggested that you use it at least two to three times per day till you get your wanted results.
By using onion extract, you can stop the cells that produce scar tissue. It improves hypertrophic scars and keloid scars through multiple mechanisms,
But it is ineffective in improving scar height and itching. Cut a small piece of onion squeeze out the juice by squeezing.
Apply the juice on the original wound or keloid areas.
If home remedies don’t work, take a clinical recommendation from your doctor.
Treatment of keloids done through medical treatment is,
Retinoid cream works like a natural remedy, just as garlic works. It is a derivative of Vitamin A.
Use according to the directions given on it.
Silicone Gel Or Silicone Sheeting:
Your doctor may recommend silicone gel or silicone sheeting; it is as effective as retinoid cream.
Follow instructions written on the silicone gel.
Injectable steroidal anti-inflammatories are known to help with keloids. However, this is very effective following widespread keloid treatment.
These include surgical scar removal, laser treatment, and more, as noted in a 2014 study.
The combination of different steroids included has also been shown to be very effective in the 2012 Reliable Source Analysis.
Eighty percent of recurrences have been reported, however.
Talk to your doctor about using injectable steroids in conjunction with surgery, laser removal, or other operations.
Dermatologists may suggest Intralesional corticosteroid injection or Interferon Alfa-2b injections directly into a hypertrophic scar as steroids in
Intralesional corticosteroid injection breaks the bond between collagen fibers.
Avoid Cosmetic Surgery, Avoid Tattoos And Piercing Like Ear Piercing, Avoid Skin Picking And Pimple Popping.
Why Are Keloids An Issue?
Keloids are all not normal but more likely for people who have darker skin. Yes, having keloid is an issue.
They are not dangerous but are painful and itchy. They often appear back after treatment.
They can also develop into large protrusions that can be an actual discomfort for patients.
Keloid Scar Prevention:
Treatment for keloids that are used may not be effective sometimes and can be difficult for that it is important to take precautions.
- Try to prevent skin injury, minor injury, an original injury that leads to keloid scarring.
- Pressure pads and silicon pads used after injury may help in preventing keloids.
- Sun exposure and tanning make it slightly darker than your surrounding skin.
- Keep the scar covered when you’re out in the sun or use sunblocks.
- Pay close attention after ear piercing because it can cause ear keloid, testing the skin before body piercing, etc.
- People should avoid cosmetic surgery.
Can I Prevent Keloid Scars From Forming Again?
Yes, You can prevent keloid scars from forming again; use a sunscreen that offers SPF 30 or higher, broad-spectrum strength, and water stability.
Use silicon sheets or silicon gels as soon as the wound heals.
What Is The Outcome After Treatment For A Keloid?
Treatment of keloids can reduce the pain, itching, and size of the keloids; sometimes, it may remove them.
However, after the treatment, the risk factors of reappearance of keloid are still there.
How Do You Get Rid Of A Keloid Fast?
Although home remedies will not eliminate keloids, they will obviously reduce size, pain, and inflammation.
The aloe gel helps minimize the soreness, inflammation and helps in the healing process.
Garlic oil, onion juice, honey sandalwood, rose water, baking soda and lemon juice, etc.
How To Get Rid Of A Keloid Without Surgery
You can get rid of a keloid without surgery by using creams that contain steroids by home remedies like using garlic onion extract gel, etc.
Treatments for keloids can be done by using series of injections like Interferon Alfa-2b injections, pulsed dye laser, radiation therapy, topical therapies, etc.
In Which Area Of The Body Are Keloids Most Likely To Appear?
People who have dark skin are more likely to develop keloids. The appearance of scars and keloid increases if you cut off the keloid.
Keloids tend to occur on the shoulder, back, chest and ears.
Best Treatments For Keloids?
There are many types of treatment, but the best kind of treatment is Cryosurgery is possibly the most effective type of surgery for keloids.
Also called cryotherapy, the process works by primarily”freezing” away from the keloid with liquid nitrogen.
Your doctor may also recommend corticosteroid injections after surgery to reduce swelling and lower the chance of the keloid returning.
Final Advice For How To Get Rid Of Keloids
Removal of keloids can be done through a combination of treatments. Larger keloid can be removed through surgery, home remedies using creams, etc.,
But you can also go for initial treatment, surgical incision, radiation treatments, surgical excision, cryotherapy treatments.
The treatment depends on the skin texture, skin color, skin tissue, and skin condition.
But still, after the treatment, there is a risk of scarring, and a percent recurrence rate is 45% to 100%.
If anticipated, prevention can be achieved with immediate silicone elastomer sheeting, taping to reduce skin tension, or corticosteroid injections.
Once established, however, keloids are challenging to treat, with a high keloid recurrence rate despite therapy.
Keloid scar treatment includes freezing the scar with liquid nitrogen to stop them from growing, and laser treatment is also helpful.